Romania, is located in the South- Eastern Europe, between the Danube River, Black Sea, Prut River and Tisa River. The country is crossed by the Carpathian Mountains which create an unique landscape that hosts diverse fauna and flora. The Danube river flows into The Black Sea on Romanian territory and creates a beautiful delta: The Danube Delta. Romania is a republic and its capital is Bucharest. Romania has a temperate continental climate and is located in the Northern Hemisphere on the 45 degrees parallel.
The currency is Romanian „leu” (plural „lei”) (ISO code – RON). Currently one euro is the equivalent of approximately 4,6 lei.
According to the 2011 census the number of inhabitants in Romania is 20.121.641 and the official language is Romanian. The minorities that live in Romania are: Hungarians (Szeklers, Csangos, and Magyars), Roma, Germans, Poles, Serbs, Croats, Slovaks, Ukrainians (Hutsuls and Rusyns), Jews, Turks and Tatars, Russians (Lippovans), Armenians.
The Romanian cuisine is a reflection of the agrarian character of the country and it was influenced by the different cultures and. The most appreciated appetizers are: zacusca, eggplant salad, boeuf salad, cold cuts platter (bacon, pastrami, salami, sausages, different kinds of cheese, smashed onion), roe salad. A very important dish for Romanians is the soup, especially the sour soup. Along with the vegetable soup, meat soup (chicken, pork, beef) the tripe soup is very popular. For main courses the Romanians have: sarmale with polenta, mici (sausages without skin), beans with pork, stew, many types of fish dishes. The desserts like: papanși, pancakes with homemade jam, different kinds of pie, plum dumplings end a meal with a very sweet taste. The traditional meal can be accompanied by traditional drinks such as: țuica, palinca, vișinata, afinata or Romanian wines.
Interesting facts you should know about Romania:
- The Danube Delta the second largest delta in Europe.
- Romania has one of the most beautiful waterfalls in the world (Bigar Waterfall)
- Romania is the ninth largest wine producer in the world.
- The modern jet engine was invented by the Romanian inventor Henri Coanda in 1910
- Peles Castle was the first European castle entirely lit by electrical current (1888).
- Europe’s second largest underground glacier, the Scarisoara glacier, is found underneath the Bihor Mountains in Romania.
- The fountain pen was invented by a Romanian – Petrache Poenaru and was patented in May 1827.
- The Danube Black Sea Canal in southeast Romania is world`s third longest man-made navigation route, after the Suez and the Panama canals.
- The Romanian gymnast Nadia Comăneci is the first to be awarded a perfect score of 10.0 at the Olympic Games in Montreal, Canada in 1976.
- Romania is Europe’s richest country in gold resources.
- Romania`s Astra museum in Sibiu is the second-largest outdoor museum in the world.
- Romania is very popular with the British Royal Family.